ESR3: Mitigate environmental antigen stress effects in poultry production using microbiome programming in ovo

Background

Animal health is affected by dysbacteriosis due to disturbances of ‘normal’ gastrointestinal microbiota by pathogen-induced infections. These issues, together with the increasing awareness of antibiotic resistance problems for humans, further impair consumers’ acceptance of intensive broiler production and reduce trust in the quality and safety of poultry products. One of the strategies which might be applied to reinstate this trust is microbial programming with bioactive substances (prebiotics, probiotics) through in ovo stimulation. The pre-hatch period accounts for 1/3 of the life span of broiler chicken. Thus, the in ovo period represents a substantial time of critical developmental events, which can be influenced in the hatchery.

Objectives

  1. Deliver pre- and/or probiotics with proven anti-environmental antigen activity and prove the concept of perinatal microbiome programming in monogastrics for sustainable, healthy and affordable food production.
  2. As long term goal, the elaborated tools for perinatal adaptation should be implementable by industry partners.

Methodology

  • The basic methodology used in this project will be in ovo technology to test the impact of prebiotics and/or probiotics (Bifidobacteriaceae and Lactobacilliaceae selected based on in vitro efficacy of their anti-Campylobacter, anti-Salmonella properties) on chicks’ GIT.
  • The impact of the selected bioactives on the host organism will be determined undertaking a histopathological assessment of GIT tissues and transcriptomic profiling of major GIT-associated immune tissues.
  • The final validation of the perinatal stimulation of gut microbiota will be done by a pathogen challenge in vivo assay.
  • The downstream analysis of this experiment will cover: histological studies of gut and muscle tissues, genomic analysis of gut-associated lympho-epithelial tissues including spleen, caecal tonsils and mucosa
  • The post in vivo analysis will determine bacteriological status of meat samples and meat quality traits assessment.

Expected results

  1. New pre- and/or probiotics with in vitro confirmed antibiotic properties (anti-Campylo, anti-Salmonella and anti-Eimeria) determined.
  2. Strategy for microbiome programming by in ovo injection validated in in vivo experiment.
  3. Impact of in ovo injected pre-and/or probiotics on post hatch development available

Planned secondments

  • At: TEAGASC (3 mo); to perform an in vitro trial for Objective 1;
  • At: Drobex (1 mo); to learn hatch management strategies and additional treatments performed under practical farm conditions;
  • At: Vetdiagnostica (1 mo); to receive industry training covering production evaluation scheme from hatchery to farm including practical aspects like veterinary diagnostics and onset on farm for Objective 2;
  • At: AU (4 mo); to perform a pathogen challenge trial.

Enrolment in Doctoral degree:

ESR3 will be enrolled at the Department of Animal Biotechnology and Genetics, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology of UTP.

Supervisors

Maria Siwek (UTP), Rita Hickey (TEAGASC)

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