ESR11: Different access-to-feed strategies and nutritional strategies to improve broiler performance and flock homogeneity

Background

Broilers traditionally hatch in a commercial hatchery and have delayed access to first feed, which may negatively affect intestinal development, immune response and performance. Besides access-to-feed, there are multiple reasons why certain animals underperform compared to their genetic potential, decreasing flock uniformity, which is a key performance indicator and economic driver in commercial practice.

Objectives

  1. Characterise the underlying biological factors including GIT development, nutrient utilisation and microbiota colonisation that contribute to variation in broiler growth performance in early life and influence lifetime performance taken different access-to-feed strategies into account.
  2. Develop nutritional strategies to improve earlylife performance and health in underweight chicks and reduce variation in broiler flocks.
  3. Develop supplementary interventions using pre- and/or probiotics (in ovo injection in collaboration with UTP) to improve enteric microbial colonisation in underweight chicks to improve GIT function and immunity and reduce flock variation.

Methodology

  • Performance (BW, feed intake, and growth), and the variation in BW and biological factors related to gut health will be monitored in a flock up to slaughter age (d 42) of chicks that hatched from different access-to-feed systems (hatchery, hatch-on-farm, brooder system)
  • Based on findings related to GIT function and composition of selected microbial taxa from low, average,and high BW broilers, one nutritional intervention and one pro-/prebiotic in ovo strategy will be tested to improve homogeneity of the flock

Expected results

  1. Novel information on the underlying biological events which contribute to underweight, suboptimal broiler chicks.
  2. New strategies specifically designed to address dietary and immunological deficits in underweight broilers.
  3. Improvements in flock uniformity across whole life cycle.

Planned secondments

  • At: Vanden Avenne (1 mo); Training in feed formulation and technical aspects of broiler rearing;
  • At: Vencomatic (1 mo); Technical training on housing systems and equipment for broilers and laying hens developed by Vencomatic;
  • At: UTP (3 mo); Training in in vitro screening of bioactives.

Enrolment in Doctoral degree:

ESR11 will be enrolled at the University of Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech

Supervisors

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